This research aimed at identifying the use of chemical fertilizers by farmers in the area of Hammam Al-Aaleel / Nineveh province/Iraq in general and in each field and item in the research, identify the relationship between the use of chemical fertilizers by farmers and the independent variables included in the research. The Hammam Al-Aaleel region-It was selected as region for research. The total number of farmers in research region (350 farmer). A simple random sample was taken with (20%), the final research sample was (70 farmers). The researcher designed a questionnaire form in order to obtain research data. It consisted of two main parts: The first part included (personal, social, economic, and communication information for the respondents): as following (age, Education achievement, number of years of fertilizers using, number of years of work in agriculture, size of cultivated land, sources of information that used in the using of chemical fertilizers). The second part includes (5 axes) related to the use of chemical fertilizers, it includs (53 items) distributed on the research axes, namely: The field of determining the type of chemical fertilizers used in agriculture (9 items). The field of determining the quantities and date of adding chemical fertilizers (17 item). The way of using chemical fertilizers in agriculture (10 items). The field of benefits of the use of chemical fertilizers in agriculture (10 items). The field of the disadvantages of the use of chemical fertilizers (7 items). The data collection, lasted from 1/10/2018 to 1/12/2018. After the completion of data collection from the farmers and the use of many statistical methods in the analysis of data:(percentages, range, mean, person correlation coefficient, spearman's correlation coefficient). The results showed, the use of chemical fertilizers in general and in the fields and of research is low tends to be medium. Also, the results showed there is a significant correlation between the use of chemical fertilizers and the variables (age, Education achievement, number of years of fertilizers use, number of years of work in agriculture, sources of information used in the use of chemical fertilizers). The author recommended, that it is nessary to raise awareness among farmers in using the chemical fertilizers in Hammam Al-Aaleel in order to educate them about the use of chemical fertilizers. Key words: Chemical fertilizers, Iraq, reality, Hammam Al-Aaleel area.